The words "according to documents" in a news story signal investigative journalism of the highest caliber. 

We want to celebrate reporting based on government or corporate reports, emails, private chat messages or something equally tangible—as opposed to that based on unnamed sources or rumors. 

The idea is imperfect, of course, and some excellent reporting will be based on no documents and some terrible reporting will be based on many documents. But ultimately, it's a great rule of thumb.


According to Documents was created by investigative reporters Girish Gupta and Alexandra Ulmer.


Girish Gupta